1 Nalanda University, India
Nalanda University is the first great university in recorded history. It functioned from 500 AD to 1300 AD until, it was destroyed by foreign invaders. It enroll the students from all over the world such a Babylon, Greece, Syria, and China. Main subjects that are offered in this university are Vedas, languages, grammar, philosophy, medicine, surgery, archery just as among many other fields. It had 300 lecture halls, laboratories, libraries and an observatory. Chinese travelers recorded that, 10,000 students were taught by 200 professors in Nalanda. It was founded by Śakrāditya who was the King at that time.
2 University of Al-Karaouine, Morocco
Morocco's University of Al- Karaounine or Al Quarouiyine is the oldest existing, continually operating and the first degree-awarding educational institution in the world according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records. It was originally a mosque founded by a woman named Fatima al-Fihri, in 859 AD. It gradually became one of the leading universities of natural sciences. In 1959, the university added subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics and foreign languages.
3 Al Azhar University, Egypt
Founded between 970-972 AD by Fatimid empire of Egypt, Al Azhar University is the third oldest university in the world. The university named after Fatimah Al-Zahara is renowned for studying Arabic Literature and Sunni Islamic religion. Now, its course includes modern sciences along with Islamic studies like Quran. Its library is a treasure of Islamic literature.
4 University of Bologna, Italy
Established in 1088 in Italy, the University of Bologna is the oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe. During the 12th and 13th centuries, the university attracted individuals from all over Europe. While civil and canon law were the most popular disciplines taught there, now the university boasts 78,224 students undertaking a diverse range of subjects.
5 Al Nizamiyya Of Baghdad
Founded in 1065 AD by Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk, it was the most successful branch of a series of universities established by al-Mulk. The Nizamiyya schools served as a model for future universities in the region, and al-Mulk often is seen as responsible for a new era of brilliance which caused his schools to eclipse all other contemporary learning institutions. The education offered required no fee.